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Proponents of alkaline ionized water rely on three significant changes to the water produced by electrolysis to explain the beneficial effects of consuming alkaline ionized water: Two of these (pH and ORP) are addressed to answer your question.
1. Increased pH
During electrolysis, strong electrical forces cause ions to be unnaturally charged. The OH- ion from water combines with positively-charged mineral ions. This creates a variety of alkaline compounds that increase the pH of the water. However, drinking alkaline water dilutes stomach acids and depletes hydrogen reserves in the body.
While those who promote alkaline ionized water propose that the stomach is capable of producing HCl on demand, they have overlooked the increasing number of people with hypochlorhydria (the decreased ability of the stomach to produce HCl with age.) Both the elderly and those with hypochlorhydria are already at a disadvantage and cannot produce more HCl to compensate for the consumption of alkaline water.
By contrast, magnetic ionization of water (produced in the Vitalizer Plus) also raise the pH–very slightly. With these gentler forces, ions develop a natural electromagnetic field that slightly repels other ions. The result of magnetic ionization is that mineral ions tend to remain separated in the water. As individual ions, they are more easily transferred through cellular membranes to be utilized for a myriad of metabolic functions.
The issue of pH is grossly misunderstood. I include with this email an attachment – an article published by NEXUS magazine in 2008 that goes into the issue more deeply.
2. Changes in ORP (oxidation-reduction potential)
ORP (oxidation-reduction potential)isa measure of electron activity. It is also a relative measure of antioxidant capacity. When a solution has a negative ORP value it has an abundance of available electrons with which to neutralize free radicals. A solution with a negative ORP is an antioxidant. Generally speaking, the more negative the ORP value, the more powerful its antioxidant potential. Most bottled water has an ORP between +150 and +300 mili-volts. Some tap water measures as high as +500.
During electrolysis, alkaline water gains an excess number of electrons. This is one of the reasons that the electrical charge on ions is so strong. It is also the reason alkaline mineral ions bind so tightly together with the hydroxyl ion (OH-) from water. Alkaline ionized water can have an ORP value anywhere between -100 and -850 depending on the original water and depending on the ionizer. This gives the water a tremendous capacity to neutralize free radicals—especially if the water is consumed right away.
However, water does not have to be electrolyzed to carry an abundance of electrons. Simply structuring water creates electron-rich water capable of neutralizing free radicals.[i],[ii] Structured water also has an increased capacity to hold hydrogen ions—premier antioxidants. The number of free electrons may be greater in alkaline ionized water but the lack of coherence in the water restricts their ability to be continually excited. The water loses its energy rapidly.
Dr. Hidemitsu Hayashi, a cardiac surgeon and Director of the Water Institute in Japan, was one of the scientists who conducted early research on alkaline ionized water. His work determined that the benefits of alkaline ionized water were largely due to the hydrogen in the water. According to his research, hydrogen has the potential to balance pH and to combat free radicals even better than alkaline ionized water. Ultimately, he abandoned the use of electrolysis and developed another way to produce hydrogen-rich water which is a far better antioxidant than alkaline ionized water.
[i] Del Giudice, E & Tedeschi, A., Water and the autocatalysis in living matter. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, Volume 28 Issue 1, 2009.
[ii] Pollack, G. Water, Energy, and Life: Fresh views from the water’s edge. Thirty-second annual faculty lecture, Jan 30, 2008, Univ. of WA. Available online: http://www.uwtv.org/programs/displayevent.aspx?rid=22222&fid=513